I saw this same topic, without answer…
I I had not noticed, because I use iphone, but for a few months I started receiving complaints from users who use android saying the app does not read the coordinates.
That happened a month or two ago.
I changed it to cli 7.0.1, 8.0.0
I put different versions
Finally I decided to start from scratch and take the geolocation example from appstudio
If you do not put the plugin nor the version of the phonegap cli, it displays a message of lack of access to geolocation.
If you put the plugin, it shows the location icon but the error, timeout expired.
iOS works ok, but android is unviable.
I tried with App studio 6.x and 7.x, using the geolocation example.
Try compiling and using an android, it’s impossible.
I searched a lot on google and did not find the answer.
I accept suggestions